Health and Ayurveda

Thursday, January 24, 2008

STRESS MANAGEMNET: An Ayurvedic Perspective

Stress is a demanding situation where an individual is struggling to cope-up to the expectation. It can be psychological, financial emotional, social, biological or constitutional. A highly efficient or capable individual may also be stressed if the situation demands more than his limits. Stress essentially originates at the level of mind and emotions and percolates down bringing imbalances at physical body level.

Continuous long time stress leads to a breakdown of the system resulting in various mental and physical health problems. Unless the imbalances are corrected at all levels there is no escape from the stress and its hazards. Ayurvedic sages like Charaka and Susruta were royal physicians and there are references in the classics written by them of special therapies and herbal preparations called Rasayanas given to enhance the physical and mental efficiency.

Modern age fast life is exciting as well as overtaxing. So the level of stress is also high lots high and lots of people are suffering from its hazards. Stress can cause various mental and physical health problems that manifest in different ways. It may appear as excessive hunger leading to overeating where in some people it cause lack of appetite or anorexia. Stiffness of neck and shoulders, headache, lower back pain, vision problems, irregular bowels, hyperacidity, extreme tiredness are some of the physical manifestations of stress.

Mental manifestations include high irritability; sleep disorders, nervousness, lethargy, giddiness, vertigo, laziness, abnormal dreams, etc. It is observed that a group of people having same nature of work in the same atmosphere probably with same stress level develops different symptoms. The above study reveals the need of considering each individual as a particular entity and the management should also be personalized. Every being has resources to make him capable to cope with these conditions. The holistic approach of Ayurveda and Yoga tackles these hazards through multidimensional solution in its own natural way. It focuses on the impact of the mind on body are not two independent units and any problem affecting the mind affects the body. Since life is a combination of Sareera, (physical body), Indriya (Sense organs), Sathwam (mind) and Athma (soul), all the aspects of life should be considered during assessment of any health condition and its treatment. An individual assessment and management would be ideal for stress that manifest as mentioned above.

Ayurveda believes that there are only two controllable factors for health and disease – Ahara (food) and Vihara (life style). Life style means the routines including sleeping pattern, exercises, nature of work, habits, bath, etc. Food and routines planned according to the individual constitution (prakruthi) and health status help to prevent possible health problems and to improve the sense of well-being.

Carefully planned programme with traditional Ayurvedic therapies, Rasayanas, Yoga, Pranayama and Meditation in combination with planned food and routines will definitely help to overcome the stress, rejuvenate oneself and to build up self confidence to face any situation. Therapies such as Abhyanga (Soothing massages with special herbal oils), Sirodhara, Kadevasthy, Greevavasthy, etc, initially work at the physical level to soothe the aching muscles and tensed nerves and then making an impact upon mind. Administration of Rasayana strengthens the body, mind and provides high energy levels. At the same time, individually selected yoga, meditation and Pranayama (breathing techniques) programmes calm down the mind and bring back the natural rhythm of the mind and body to start a new life afresh. A planned food and lifestyle as per the basic body type (Prakruthi) and doctors recommendations will help to prevent the impact of stress.
  • Your body is not a machine. Give sufficient rest to body and mind after a stretch of work for self- repairing and recharging.
  • Whenever you are in a crisis never be panicky as excess mental tension or nervousness deteriorate your efficiency. Assess the situation, find a proper solution and go for it.
  • Proper food and daily routine is the foundation of your health. Eat balanced food in moderate quantity in correct timing. You can fix the time according to your schedules but stick on to it. Our body has a tendency to get tuned to the regular routines. If you are having breakfast at 8 am for a week your stomach will be ready to receive the food in the same time on the 8th day. If you are not taking food at that time it may cause hyperacidity or even ulcers.
  • Drink sufficient quantity of water, as it is the best medicine to cleanse your system. A proper intake of water improves the urine out put, motions and sweat- the three routes of elimination. Water reduces Pitta which is the manifestation of fire in our body and responsible for high irritability, hyper acidity and problems with increased urine and sweat take more sodium out.
  • Better to continue regular, moderate and suitable exercises as it helps to tone up the system, relieves the tension and improves the sense of well- being. Note that excessive exertion can cause deterioration of health. Sudden stoppage of regular exercise is worse than not doing it at all.
  • Proper sleep is very important as it gives relaxation to your body and mind. It is like pouring water in the radiator of your car after driving up a steep mountain road. Sleep at least six hours a day.
  • Continue regular yoga, Pranayama and meditation as it will help you to impart both physical and mental balance, improve concentration and work efficiency.
  • Note that smoking and alcohol intake is not the remedy to relieve stress. Regular indulgence in these deteriorates the condition.

Dr. K. Jayarajan
Chief Medical Officer,
AyurvedaGram Heritage Wellness Centre, Banglore

Eat Healthy Live Healthy

Good health is not an upshot of fortune, but fairly something, one can accomplish through hale and hearty lifestyles. The role of nutrition in maintaining health and to thwart disease is a hot topic of tete-a tete, nowadays. The contemporary nutritional regimes vary from erstwhile ones, globally. Socio-economic development along with advancement in food supply has transformed our food choices as well as our eating behaviours. Current scenario divulges two sort of eating etiquette – one of strict “dieting” and other of passion for “fast- food”. Methods of food production, processing and preservation have also advanced rapidly over the past few decades. These renovations, however, bestows favourable as well as detrimental effects on public health.
A balanced diet is one that comprises the exact blend of carbohydrates, fats and proteins and ample quantity of vitamins and minerals. It also contributes the precise quantity of calories to meet with ones energy requirements. Furthermore, it supplies adequate fiber and water to enable efficient functioning of the digestive system. The key to health eating is a sundry nutritional regime with accent on ample fluids, high – fiber carbohydrates, a moderate consumption of fats, sufficient protein and adequate sum of vitamins and minerals. However, no single food can provide all the nutrients that one requires. Even, the intake of two or three varieties may not satisfy all the energy requirements. The optimal strategy is to eat as many different kinds of naturally occurring foods. There is not much requisite for complicated computations using nutritional value tables of foodstuffs. Intake of a well-assorted and wide-ranging diet that comprises cuisine from all foremost food groups would indeed impart favourable domino effect.
Nutritional requirements vary in individuals, on the basis of energy expenditure and physical functions. As a rule, carbohydrates should provide approximately 55% of one’s energy needs, protein nearly 15% and fat about 30%. However, as cited earlier, the energy expenditures vary, as mentioned in the table.
The prime dietary problem is the excessive food consumption, both quantitatively as well as qualitatively. Over- eating can heap on any hereditary tendency, ranging from obesity to diabetes. Many people eat surplus food that they attain superfluous protein, carbohydrate and fats, than required.
Any calorie intake that surpasses the energy requirement, turn out to be fat in the body, which may either invigorate the production of new fat cells or enlarge the existing fat cells, the resultant of which is obesity. Population studies illustrates that, obesity is awfully allied with diabetes, coronary heart disease, gout, hypertension and disorders of reproductive system.
All fats contain almost the same calorie per serving, no matter what be the magnitude of high density or low-density lipoproteins. Henceforth, a high intake of fat definitely leads to obesity. Therefore, decreasing the consumption of fat is the foremost action in precluding obesity. Similarly, consuming too much refined carbohydrates such as white flour (Maida), white sugar, polished white rice etc. tend to contribute to obesity. Furthermore, these refined stuffs are very much devoid of fiber content, which turns out to be a causative factor for bowel disorders, especially constipation. Intake of dietary fiber promptly mitigates constipation by enhancing the bulk of stools and curbing the relocation period through the bowel. In addition to this, high-fiber carbs are capable of modulating the absorption of glucose during digestion, thereby playing a pivotal role in the management of diabetes.
Another significant dietary problem is the varying eating behaviours, the foremost among them being affinity to fast food. Eating at fast food bistros is trendier, these days. Although they impart speedy service and are extremely convenient for the busy society, the health tribulations they pose are execrable. Majority of the fast foods are of high calories, high fat, increases level of sodium and low fiber content. These render all ranges of health problems ranging from IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) to cancer. The villainous ingredient of fast foods is monosodium glutamate, fondly called as ajinomoto, which is commonly used for enhancing the flavour. The reactions of ajinomoto ranges from headache to even partial paralysis. It acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain, stimulating the brain cell activity. Researches demonstrated a glutamate link with Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinsonism. So, however convenient may it be, it is better to avoid fast foods or telling more pragmatically, never make it a daily routine, atleast that could curtail the detrimental effects.
Many statistical studies prove that dietary factors possess a salient role in instigating cancer. The finest statistical correlation, derived from population surveys, is between dietary fat and several cancers. It becomes evident that the incidence of cancer is relatively high in countries where fat and low-fiber intake is high, compared to others. Certain food additive like nitrites, used to preserve meat is a proven factor for the causation of caner. Likewise, benzopyrene, a substance found on charred surfaces is also a known cancer causing dietary factor. So resorting to dietary fiber (unrefined foods), Vit. C rich foods (orange, gooseberry, guava etc.) Vit. A rich foods (green leafy vegetables, carrot etc.) and avoidance of high fats (red meat, egg yolk etc) would definitely reduce the risk of cancer.
  • Avoid too much fat.
  • Change to low-fat milk
  • Cut-out butter, egg yolk, ghee etc.
  • Switch on to vegetable oils (sunflower oil, safflower oil etc.)
  • Avoid red meat (beef, mutton, pork etc.)
  • Remove skin of poultry when cooking, as it contains much fat.
  • Grill or bake food rather than frying.
  • Avoid refined foods.
  • Opt for fiber-rich complex carbs (whole grain products, brown rice etc.)
  • Drink plenty of water (8-10 glasses daily)
  • Include more fresh fruits and vegetables in daily diet.
  • Eat when hungry; tackle your appetite cues.
Dr. K. M Reshmitha MD (Ay)
Lecturer (Swasthvritta),
Parassinikkadavu Ayurveda Medical College, Kannur.

Wednesday, November 28, 2007



Latin name: Emblica officinalis
Local Name: Indian Gooseberry, Amla, Amlaki
Parts Used: Fruits

Distribution: Amla is extensively cultivated throughout tropical and subtropical India.

Amla is one of the oldest Indian fruits. It is a rich source of vitamin C and its content of ascorbic acid is next to only that of Barbados cherry (Malpighia glabra L.). It is one of the three constituents of the famous ayurvedic preparation, triphala, which is prescribed in many digestive disorders (Chopra et al. 1959). The medicinal properties of amla have been mentioned in old ayurvedic texts, such as Charaksamhita and Sushrutsamhita (Kirtikar and Basu, 1935). It is used in making pickles and preserves. The amla preserve is one of the specialties of the Indian fruit-preservation industry.
It is a powerful rejuvenating herb. The Amla fruit is reputed to have the highest content of vitaminC than any other naturally occurring substanceinnature. Research shows that 8.75mg of natural vitamin C complex from Amla is equivalent to 100mg of the most commonly used synthetic vitamin C. Amla possesses the highest level of heat and storage-stable vitamin C known to man.
Amla juice has twenty times more vitamin C than orange juice
The edible fruit tissue of Amla contains protein concentration 3-fold and ascorbic acid concentration 160-fold than those of apples. This fruit also contains considerably higher concentration of most minerals and amino acids than apples

Chemical composition of the fruit
The fruit pulp, which constitutes 90.97 per cent of the whole fruit, contains 70.5 per cent moisture. The total soluble solids constitute 23.8 per cent of the juice. The acidity of aonla is 3.28 per cent on pulp basis. The pulp contains 5.09 percent total sugars and 5.08 per cent reducing sugars. The ascorbic acid content is 1,094.53 mg per 100 ml of juice. The tannins and pectin content of the pulp is 2.73 per cent and 0.59 per cent respectively.
The fruit pulp contains 0.75 per cent protein. The mineral content of the edible portion, as represented by its ash, is 2.922 per cent. The percentage content of the mineral elements, viz. phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and iron is 0.027, 0.368, 0.059, 0.248 and 0.004 respectively

Benefits of Amla:
A potent antioxidant, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, antiviral, antacid and digestive aid
  • Enhances production of Red Blood Cells. Strengthens teeth, hair and nails.
  • Regulates Blood Sugar and prevents lipid peroxidation in cell membranes.
  • Very Powerful anti-inflammatory herb. Useful in hemorrhoids, gastritis and colitis.
  • Useful in eye problems especially in inflammations. Having been shown to improve nearsightedness significantly in recent studies, amla is the most frequently used cataract medicine. Amla is a potent inhibitor of free radicals, which are one cause of cataracts.
  • Prevents premature greying of hair and makes them strong and free from dandruff.
  • Increases all-round immunity in the body against heart and nervous disorders.

Research on Amla ....

  1. Hepatoprotective:50% alcoholic extract of Emblica officinalis and quercetin isolated from it produced significant hepatoprotection against country made liquor (CML) and paracetamol challenge in albino rats and mice respectively.
  2. Another study revealed that both the aqueous fruit extract and ascorbic acid could prevent the toxic effects induced by both metals Pb(NO3)2 or Al2(SO4)3.18H2O, but the extract was more effective than ascorbic acid alone.
  3. Hypolipidemic: Emblica officinalis juice is an effective hypolipidemic agent and can be used as a pharmaceutical tool in hyperlipidemic subjects.
  4. Feeding of Amla to the hypercholesterolemic rabbits for 12 weeks showed a two pronged effects, its feeding increased the lipid mobilization and catabolism and retarded the deposition of lipids in the extra hepatic tissues. The degree of atherosclerosis at the end of 12 weeks of Amla feeding was much lower when compared to the control group.
  5. The tissue lipid levels including Serum cholesterol, TG, phospholipid and LDL showed a significant reduction following Emblica officinalis juice administration. Emblica officinalis juice treated rabbits excreted more cholesterol and phospholipids, suggesting that the mode of absorption was affected.
  6. Anticlastogenic: A crude aqueous extract from the Emblica officinalis fruit following orallyadministration, exhibited significant protective action against damage induced by CsCl.
  7. Antacid: Clinical studies were conducted to investigate the effect of Emblica officinalis in amlapitta (gastritis syndrome). The drug was found to be effective in 85 per cent of cases.
  8. Cases of hyperchlorhydria with burning sensation in abdominal and cardiac regions and epigastric pain were also benefited with Emblica officinalis.
  9. Dyspepsia: The therapeutic efficacy of Amalaki in cases of dyspepsia was evaluated and the results clearly indicate the efficacy of Emblica officinalis, in relieving the dyspeptic symptoms as well as in promoting ulcer healing.
  10. Revitalize the sexual health: Indian herbal masters believed that the decrease in sexual desire that a man begins to experience in middle age was due to increased stress. Stress, in turn, was believed to cause a decrease in the essential nutrients in the body that promote a healthy sex life. Therefore, Indian herbal masters turned to amla, a pulverized fruit extract rich in dozens of essential nutrients, to revitalize sexual health.
  11. At the University of Delhi and the University of Rajasthan in India, two separate studies revealed that amla also seems to help maintain healthy cholesterol levels (Jacob 1988; Mathur 1996). Cholesterol can be a significant enemy of sexual health, because it can impede the all-important flow of blood to the genitals. Researchers therefore suggest that by maintaining healthy cholesterol, amla can support blood flow.
  12. A study conducted at the Department of Foods & Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India has demonstrated that the Indian Gooseberry (amla-Emblica officinalis, Gaertn.) can reduce high serum cholesterol levels. The effect on total serum cholesterol and its lipo-protein fractions of supplementation of the diet with the Indian gooseberry was studied in normal and hypercholesterolaemic men aged 35-55 years. The fresh gooseberry was eaten(un-cooked) for a period of 28 days. Both normal and hypercholesterolaemic participants showed a decrease in cholesterol levels. However, two weeks after withdrawing the supplement, the total serum cholesterol levels of the hypercholesterolaemic subjects rose significantly almost to initial levels.
  13. Antiviral Medicines: Research in India shows that Amla Extract has the capacity to kill the virus causing Hepatitis and provide a complete cure. This rebuilds new tissues and increases the red blood cell count

Latin name: Withenia somnifera
Local Name: Aswagandha, winter cherry
Parts Used : Root (Dried)
Distribution: Ashwagandha is found throughout the drier parts of India.

Ashwagandha is a sweet root with secondary bitter qualities. It is found in India and Africa. and is also called "Indian ginseng". There are no known side effects of this herb. Ayurvedic practitioners have been using Ashwagandha root for thousands of years as a powerful rasayana (a tonic for rejuvination). The herb has traditionally been used for calming the mind, relieving weakness, nervous exhaustion and arthritis, and for building sexual energy. Ashwagandha root is beneficial to people who do physical exercise a lot to help the body adapt to physical stress. Having both energetic and synergetic actions, Ashwagandha is one of the most important drug in herbal preparations as described in classical Texts.
Chemical composition of Ashwagandha:
The roots contain withaferin A and several other steroidal lactones including pharmacologically active withanolides and saponins1,2,3.

Benefits of Ashwagandha:
  • Ashwagandha acts against insomnia, stress and stress oriented hypertension.
  • Ashwagandha enhance sexual power, prevent impotency, infertility, low sperm count or seminal debility
  • Ashwagandha acts against Arthritis and Rheumatism
  • When applied externally it acts against scabies, minor ulceration of skin applied as a poultice to boils.
  • In case of cancer, Ashwagandha acts as an adjuvant
  • Ashwagandha is also very effective against intestinal ulcers
  • It is used in general debility, aging, stress induced disorders, anxiety neurosis, wounds and ulcers.


Ashwagandha is one of the oldest medicinal herbs; it was used for several discomforts throughout India.

  1. The total alkaloids of roots have a variety of pharmacological actions. They exhibited prolonged hypertensive and respiratory stimulating actions in dogs. The hypotensive effect is mainly due to autonomic ganglion-blocking action and the depressant action on the higher cerebral centers. The total alkaloids produced a taming and a mild depressant effect on the central nervous system in several experiments on animals. The neuro-pharmacological activity was accredited to the acetone-soluble fraction of the total alkaloids.(Malhotra, Indian J. med. Res.,1961; Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol.,1965; Prasad & Malhotra, 1968).
  2. In an other experiment, the depressive effect of the alkaloids was attributed to the basic alkaloids in the roots, the neutral alkaloids (3-tropyltigloate and an unidentified alkaloid) showing no depressive effect on spontaneous locomotive activity.
  3. The total alkaloids showed relaxant and antispasmodic effects against several spasmogens on intestinal, uterine, bronchial, tracheal and blood-vascular muscles. The pattern of smooth muscle activity of the alkaloids was similar to that of papaverine which suggested a direct musculotropic action, both as relaxant and spasmolytic. The alkaloids are, however, much weaker than papaverine. This pharmacological activity lends credence to the use of aswagandha in asthma and as a uterine sedative in the Ayurvedic system of medicine (Malhotra et al., Indian J, Physiol. Pharmacol., 1965).

Latin name : Allium sativum
Local Name : Garlic, Lasan
Parts Used : Bulb
Distribution :
Garlic is cultivated all over India in warm climate.

Since ancient time organic garlic enjoys a high reputation as a medicinal herb. According to Ayurveda, Garlic is one of the most effective antimicrobial herbs with anti-bacterial, anti-fungal,digestive aid and anti-viral properties. Chemical composition of Ashwagandha: The roots contain withaferin A and several other steroidal lactones including pharmacologically active withanolides and saponins1,2,3.

Chemical composition & pharmacology:
The strong smelling juice of the bulbs contain a mixture of aliphatic mono and polysulphides. The chief constituent is allicin, diallyl disulphide oxide. The latter results from spontaneous enzymatic reduction of alliin1.Antibacterial and antifungal activity of garlic has been shown against many common pathogens2. Inhibition of platelet aggregation in vitro and in vivo has also been demonstrated with garlic3. There have been several studies showing the hypoglycaemic
Benefits and Therapuetic Uses of Garlic:
  • Indicated in hypercholesterolaemia and atherosclerosis.
  • Relieves nausea, gas colic, flatulence, belching and heaviness.
  • Garlic contains many bioactive substances including Alliin, Allicin, Gamma-Glutamylcysteine and Thiosulfinates. They are very effective against Bacterial, Parasitic and Fungal Infections.
  • Garlic may prevent blood clots and destroy plaque preventing atherosclerosis. Hence, garlic does reduce the chances of stroke, heart attacks, and PVD.
  • Garlic is useful for increasing sexual energy and combating simple impotence and to kill parasites such as hookworms and pinworms.
Latin name: Tinospora cordifolia
Local Name: Guduchi (Sanskrit), Amrita, Giloya (Hindi), Tinospora (English), Gulancha (Bengali), Shindil Kodi (Tamil)
Parts Used: Whole Plant
Distribution: This plant is found throughout tropical part of India.
Guduchi is a famous plant of traditional use and also a powerful rasayana mentioned in Indian ayurvedic literature. It is considered as a bitter tonic and powerful immuno modulator. Guduchi is very much useful to enhance memory.

Chemical composition & pharmacology:
Different constituents reported include a glucoside, alkaloids, bitter principles, crystalline components etc1. The bitter principles have been identified as columbin, chasmanthin and palmarin2. The alkaloid tinosporin3 was also identified.Studies on induced oedema and arthritis and on human arthritis proved antiinflammatory potency of the water extract of plant4. It also has antipyretic action and is a morphine potentiator5. It induced reduction in blood sugar in alloxan induced hyperglycaemic rats and rabbits6. This drug relaxes the intestinal and uterine smooth muscles7. Blood urea levels in uraemic dogs and human subjects were also decreased8. It is proved effective in prevention of fibrosis and in stimulating regeneration in hepatic tissue9.

Uses of Guduchi:
  • Guduchi is anti-pyretic and act as a tonic after fever, also has action against alternative fever like Malaria. Used for the treatment of jaundice, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, gout, viral hepatitis, arthopathies and general weakness.
  • Guduchi acts as a diuretic and found to be effective against Renal obstruction like calculi and other urinary disorders.
  • Guduchi acts as a memory booster, develops inteligence, promotes mental clarity.
  • Guduchi is regarded as a liver protector.
  • The stem of guduchi is used in general debility, dyspepsia and urinary diseases.

Latin name : Azadiracta indica
Local Name : Neem
Parts Used :
Distribution :
Neem is cultivated throughout India. It is found widely in deciduous forests of India.
The Neem tree has been known as the wonder tree for centuries in the Indian subcontinent. Neem has become important in the global context today for its variety of medicinal uses.

Chemical composition & pharmacology:
Contains bitters and also quercetin and ß sitosterol glucocide.Aqueous extract of leaves decreased blood sugar levels and prevented adrenaline as well as glucose hyperglycaemia2. Fractions of acetone extract showed CNS depressant, positive inotropic and blood pressure lowering activities3. A single dose of 3gm, in human subjects was found to be highly effective and majority of positive stool cases of ascariasis were worm and ovum free. It is found effective against intestinal worms in farm animals4. The extract showed antifungal activity against some soil-borne pathogens of Cicer arietinum

Uses of Neem:
  • Used as an antineoplastic and antiviral. Indicated in eczema, ringworm and scabies. Very effective anthelmintic in ascariasis. Also mosquito larvicidal
  • Neem Extract which have Nimbinin and Nimbandiol as active constituents possess a significant blood sugar lowering effect, which are very useful against diabetes.
  • Neem Extract have been shown to reduce clotting, lower blood pressure and cholesterol, slow rapid heartbeat and inhibit irregularities of the rhythms of the heart. Besides due to it's active constituents and owing to it's high bioavailability than any other products of Neem, it is used either in medicine or in capsulated form to combat a great number of diseases like Athritis, Skin diseases and a number of digestive disorders including Gastritis and Ulceration. Recent researches shows it's anti-carcinogenic effect also.
  • Neem checks cholesterol, treats athritis due to anti-inflamatory actions, acts as a mosquito repellant and in long term use it acts as a immuno modulator. Guduchi is anti-pyretic and act as a tonic after fever, also has action against alternative fever like Malaria. Used for the treatment of jaundice, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, gout, viral hepatitis, arthopathies and general weakness.


Latin name: Garcinia combogia
Local name: Vrikshamla
Parts used: Fruits
Distribution: It is found widely in deciduous coastal forests of

Hydroxycitric Acid is a naturally occurring fruit acid found in the outer layer covering of the fruit of Garcinia Combogia, Garcinia Indica and Garcinia Mangostana. Hydroxycitric Acid is highly unstable and therefore extracted as a salt preferably as a Calcium or Potassium salt

Chemical composition & pharmacology:
The fruit contains ( - ) Hydroxy Citric Acid (HCA) chemically similar to the citric acid found in oranges.
One of the factors for fat accumulation in the body is increased quantity of the key enzyme known as ATP - citrate lyase which facilitates the process of conversion of carbohydrates and sugars into fats and cholesterol. The fruit extract of Garcinia cambogia (containing 50% of HCA as the chief ingredient) competitively blocks ATP - citrate lyase enzyme making it ineffective which inturn hinders the production and storage of body fats. By inhibiting this enzyme, the fruit extract shifts the conversion of calories from fat to glycogen. This increased production of glycogen stimulates the glucoreceptors in the liver and sends satiety signals to the brain. Thus appetite and food craving are suppressed. Besides promoting glycogen production it also signals the Kreb's cycle to initiate betaoxidation which burns the body's stored fat. Thus the fruit extract containing highest concentration of HCA, promotes weight loss and assists the body's natural cycles in proper metabolism of fats. This has been verified by more than 20 years of research by the Pharmaceutical giant - Goffmann-La-Roche and others.

Benefits of Garcinia:

  • Hydroxycitric Acid ensures an accelerated metabolic activity that leads to weight loss, fat and lipid lowering in the body thus providing a Natural Weight Management solution. It decreases the rate of dietary carbohydrate conversion to fat and cholesterol while increasing glycogen production. It suppresses appetite thus reducing food consumption. It also potentially increases caloric burning there by elevating the body's production of heat. It is nature's answer to weight loss.
  • Hydroxycitric Acid improve Glucose metabolism.
  • Hydroxycitric Acid acts as an appetite suppressant and regulator.


Latin name: Bacopa Monnieri
Common Name: Brahmi, bacopa, Babies tear, Bacopa monnieri, Herpestis monniera, water hyssop
Parts Used: Whole Plant
Distribution: Brahmi is an annual creeping plant found throughout India including the North Eastern region.

Introduction: Bacopa monniera is bitter in taste; has been used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for centuries. Brahmi which occurs naturally in India and has a long history of use in the Ayurvedic medicine tradition in the treatment of a number of disorders, particularly those involving anxiety, intellect and poor memory. Traditionally, it was used as a brain tonic to enhance memory development, learning, and concentration.

Chemical composition pharmacology:Plants contain saponins - Bacosides A and B1.
Treatment with plant extract for one month brought about reduction in level of anxiety, adjustment disability, leading to improved mental function. Levels of urinary V.M.A and corticoids were also reduced. Thus, drug appeared to have anti-anxiety agent property2.

Benefits of using Brahmi:

Brahmi extract has been found to be very beneficial in the treatment of anxiety neurosis and mental fatigue. It has been found to significant improve IQ levels, general ability, behavioral patterns and mental concentration in children. Brahmi is also used for the treatment of epilepsy, insomnia, asthma . Traditional application suggests that it has a direct effect on improving brain functions, increasing concentration, and in promoting memory functions.Bacosides are believed to play a protective role in the synaptic functions of the nerves in the hippocampus, the seat of memory Nerve impulses are transmitted across the synapses and their degeneration is believed to contribute to impaired memory and cognition. Clinical studies performed in India confirm that the bacosides can revitalize intellectual functions in children and reduce anxiety in stressed individuals thereby contributing to improved brain functions.

  • Indian studies have also shown Brahmi to possess anticancer activity.
  • Brahmi is effective against diseases like bronchitis, asthma, hoarseness, arthritis, rheumatism, backache, constipation, hair loss, fevers, digestive problems etc.
  • Brahmi is useful for improving mental clarity, confidence and memory recall. For these uses of Brahmi, it has been widely used by students.
  • As Brahmi is bitter in flavor, in India the plant is used in salads, soups, as a cooked lea vegetable, or pickled.
  • Indian research has shown that Brahmi has Antioxidant, Cardiotonic and Anticancer properties.


Latin name : Boswellia serrata
Local Name : Salai Guggul, Boswellin, Indian frankincense, Shallaki
Parts Used : Gum Resin
Distribution : Boswellia Serrata tree found throughout India especially in the drier regions of western and Central India.
Introduction : A type of Frankincense, Boswellia serrata is a large branching tree found in the dry, hilly areas of India, Northern Africa and the Middle East. When the tree trunk is tapped, a gummy oleoresin is exuded. A purified extract of this resin is used in modern herbal preparations as a decoction, inhalant and capsule.

Chemical composition & pharmacology: The extract contains three triterpene acids  , , boswellic acids1, and two polysaccharides2.The antiinflammatory and anti-arthritic properties are attributed to the presence of boswellic acid3. When tested in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and S-180 tumours transplanted in mice, it increased the life span of mice by 24% with ascites and decreased S-180 tumours by 24%2. The essential oil was found to be antifungal4. Antiinflammatory activity and antibacterial activity of extracts have been demonstrated5. The non-phenolic fraction of gum resin exhibited sedative and analgesic effects when tested in rats6.

Uses of Boswellia serrata :

  • One of the principal constituents in the gum resin is boswellic acid which exhibits anti-inflammatory activity which can work against rheumatoid arthritis pain, low back pain and osteoarthritis.
  • Boswellia has been known to reduce joint swelling, maintain blood supply to inflamed joints and mobility as well as reduce pain due to stiffness in the joints. It is also used to improve appetite and in general weakness7. It has an antidiarrhoeal action.
  • The Gum Resin of Boswellia Serretta besides being antiarthritic, also has expectorant effect and improves immunity.

Latin name: Curcuma longa
Local name: Haridra,Turmeric
Distribution: Cultivated through out India
Introduction : Curcumin is the main biologically active phytochemical compound of Turmeric. Molecular chemical formula of Curcumin: C21H20O6. The most important constituents in organic turmeric are Curcuminoids, which is approximately 6%, and the yellow coloring principles of which Curcumin constitutes 50-60%. Curcumin is extracted and researched for its renowned range of health-related and disease-preventing medicinal properties.

Uses of Curcumin :

  • Curcumin is very useful in joint related concerns.
  • Curcumin helps maintain a normal cholesterol and a healthy heart.
  • Curcumin is very helpful as a digestive support.
  • Curcumin is extremely helpful in liver protection.
  • Curcumin is also used in controling obesity.
  • Curcumin induces the flow of bile, which breaks down fats.
  • Curcumin acts as an anti-inflammatory agent that relieves the aches and pains associated with arthritis.
10. KALMEGH (Andrographics Paniculata)

Latin name : Andrographis paniculata
Local Name:
Kalmegh, Creat, Green chireyta, Bhunimba, King of Bitter

Parts Used : Whole plant

Distribution : Andrographis paniculata is chiefly found in the plains throughout South India. It mostly grows in moist, shady places.

Introduction : Andrographis paniculata is an erect annual herb and extremely bitter in taste. . Andrographis paniculata is a promising new herb for the treatment of many diseases including HIV-AIDS and the myriad of symptoms associated with autoimmune disorders. It has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries in India and China. In the west it is sometimes referred to as Indian Echinacea.

Active Ingredients in Andrographis paniculata:
Andrographis paniculata contains bitter principles andrographolide, a bicyclic diterpenoid lactone and Kalmeghin.

Chemical composition & pharmacology: Three bitter principles, deoxyandrographolide, andrographolide and neoandrographolide have been isolated from the whole plant and leaves1.The hepatoprotective effect of the water extract of the plant and the active principle andrographolide has been studied 2. Both leaf extract and andrographolide in a single oral dose also inhibited the microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by carbon tetrachloride3. The effect of aqueous extract on the bile flow in albino rats was compared with phenobarbitone. Significant increase in liver weight was also observed4.

Benefits of Kalmegh :

  • Kalmegh is a blood purifier, so used to cure torbid liver, jaundice, dermatological diseases, dyspepsia, febrifuge and anthelmintic.
  • Kalmegh acts to dispel heat and remove toxins.
  • It is used in loss of appetite in infants and also used as a febrifuge, stomachic, tonic, alterative, anthelmintic,antispasmodic etc. It is chiefly used in viral hepatitis, diminished appetite and drug induced liver damage.
  • Kalmegh acts as antibacterial. It appears to have beneficial effect in reducing diarrhoea and symptoms arising from bacterial infections.


Latin name : Trigonela foenum graecum
Family : Leguminoseae
Local Name : Methi, Fenugreek, Alhova,Bird's Foot,Greek Clover,Greek Hay.
Parts Used : Seeds, Leaves.
Introduction : Fenugreek seeds is used as a spice and fenugreek leaves are eaten as vegetable in India, China and the Middle East for centuries. The practitioners of Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine have used and documented Methi seeds for its many medicinal uses.

Chemical composition & pharmacology: The plant contains a number of steroidal sapogenins. The alkaloid trigonelline, trigocoumarin, trimethyl coumarin and nicotinic acid are also present. Mucilage is a prominent constituent in the seeds 1.
This plant has been mentioned in early literature as a hypoglycaemic and anti-inflammatory agent. Its effects as an oral hypoglycaemic has been evaluated 2 .Antiulcer property has been studied in rats 3 .Hypocholesterolemic effects 4and antiinflammatory effects have been observed5.

Uses of Fenugreek:

  • Fenugreek seeds are rich in vitamin E .
  • It forms an important medicinal use of the plant in rheumatic disorders and spondylosis. It is used as an adjunct in Diabetes mellitus. It is indicated in hyperlipidaemia.


Latin name : Ocimum Sanctum
Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Local Name : St. Josephwort, Tulsi, Tulasi
Parts Used : Leaf, Whole Plant
Distribution : Organic basil Plant is found all over India especially in the garden of each Indian family.
Introduction : Basil is an erect, herbaceous, much-branched, softly hairy plant with annual purple or crimson flowers & it is a sacred herb in India.

Uses of Basil :

  • Basil is very much useful in Respiratory disordera,skin problems.
  • Basil is very much useful for increasing memory power
  • Basil is effective against vomiting, nausea, constipation, depression, whooping cough, headaches, fever and cold.
  • Basil is most useful with the stomach and its related organs.


Latin name : Asparagus Racemosus
Local Name : Asparagus, Satavari, Satmuli
Parts Used : Tuber (Root)
Distribution : This is cultivated throughout India including tropical and subtropical parts Andamans and in Himalayas.

Introduction : Asparagus is a perennial vegetable arising from a root system of fleshy rhizomes known as the "crown". It is grown for the immature stalk and is harvested in the spring. Asparagus is good for heart. It is found throughout India including tropical and subtropical parts.
Medical Action :
Asparagus is used by physicians and herbal specialist to treat diseases in the following conditions such as, Moistens dry tissues of the reproductive organs, kidneys, stomach and lungs.

  • Asparagus is known as the Indian 'Female Rejuvenative', as it is helpful in cases of low milk production, low sex drive, menopause, PMS, and infertility.
  • Asparagus is indicated in case of inflammatory disease. It also acts as an antioxidant and antiallergic.
  • Asparagus strengthens and increases muscle tone and increases general body strength.
  • Asparagus is also used as an Aphrodisiac in India.
  • Asparagus promotes an easier and balanced life.


Latin name : Cassia angustifolia
Local Name : Indian Senna, Swarnapatri
Parts Used : Leaves
Distribution : Organic Senna is cultivated in most of the part in India.
Introduction : CSennosides are hydroxyanthracene glycosides derived from Senna leaves and Pods. Sennosides are natural, safe time-tested laxatives in traditional as well as modern systems of medicine. Sennosides are obtained from Cassia Angustifolia leaves.
Chemical composition & pharmacology:Contains glycosides, sennoside A, sennoside B, sennoside C and sennoside D1.
Maximum cathartic action was seen in rats due to direct stimulant activity and water and electrolyte secretion2. Sublaxative doses of standardised senna fruit showed spasmolytic activity3. Effective dose of piperazine for the treatment of thread worms and round worms was substantially reduced by the addition of extract of senna. Water extract was found effective against Trichophyton purpurceum4.

Actions :

  • Stimulating laxative.
  • Stronger cathartic.
Leaves and pods are traditionally used as purgatives5. Leaves are used topically for dermatosis. Laxative effect of standardised senna fruit granules was compared with liquid paraffin or a mixture of liquid paraffin and magnesium hydroxide in nursing mothers. Senna was more effective than the control treatment in overcoming puerperal constipation while the bowel habits of infants were not affected6.

Uses of Senna Extract :
  • Sennosides extensive researches indicate that they irritate the lining of large intestine resulting in bowel movement. Senna Extracts has shown effective results in constipation

Latin name :
Salacia reticulata
Local Name : Saptha chakra
Parts Used : Roots
Distribution :Wild dense forest of coastal belts of India.

Thursday, June 14, 2007

Treating obesity through behaviour modification and yogic methods

Excess accumulation of fat tissues beyond the limitation of the skeletal and muscular requirement, is termed as obesity. Obesity is considered a problem because it detracts from one’s physical appearance according to the standards of our problems. The causes of obesity are complex and not well understood. According to yogic and psychological point of view our lifestyle and reinforcement for overeating is the most important factors behind obesity. The first cause is overeating and the second important cause is decreased physical activities, which means that there is an imbalance in the amount of energy we take in and the amount we expend. Regardless of the cause of obesity, it appears that in many cases it can be treated effectively with behaviour modification and adopting yoga in our daily life. In bahaviour modification methods self-monitoring of records of the food on caloric intake, stimulus control, i.e., controlled eating behaviour, changing eating behaviour and behavioral contract are important methods of controlling weight. In yoga therapy, yogasanas like the pawanamuktasana, shakti bandha, vajrasana, surya namskara, shatkarma, and pranayama are the important methods to remove extra weight from the body.
Arun Kumar, S. K. Srivastava
Haridwar (uttranchal)

Occupational health and yoga: an analysis

The state of health influenced by the environment of any occupation or work is called occupational health. According to World Health Organization ‘Occupational Health’ is a method of Medical science for promoting and maintaining the state of physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being in all occupations, preventing the loss of health caused by working conditions. It aims at protecting worker’s/ employee’s health which is influenced by occupational environment.
So far as the occupation in industry is concerned inspite of its financial benefits it has been observed that growth of industry is responsible for creating immense environmental pollution, which leads to health hazards. For example: the process of producing finished products out of raw materials through machines makes the environment polluted by releasing various kinds of wastes like solid, liquid, gaseous and chemical etc. All these wastes cause harm to the health of the concerned employees by creating respiratory disorders, injury to skin and other organs of the body. Working with unguarded machines for long hours may cause accident which is a major health problem leading to fatigue, backache, diseases of joints and muscles. In this way we know how the working condition or environment of any occupation affects employee’s heath, happiness and peace. Since stress and strain are inter related, we can observe that prolonged physical diseases cause stress disorders which includes aggressiveness, anxiety and depression etc. Again, stress at home may affect the progress of his/her job. Severe prolonged stress may do not allow an employee to work efficiently. So, it should be the motto of every employee of any occupation to create and maintain a healthy and secured work environment where every employee can work peacefully with full freedom and without any fear of danger and tension due to loss of health. To create a healthy work environment we should know the method of managing stress regarding which we get a lot of ideas and information from ancient Sanskrit writings about yoga. Thus, with an aim of preventing and relieving stress disorders for taking care of occupational health, it is proposed here to throw some light on “OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND YOGA: ANALYSIS” with the help of some relevant quotations from Patanjali Yoga Darshan, Bagavadgeeta, Vedas and other ancient Sanskrit writings.
Dr. Khagendrea Patra
Rourkela (Orissa)

Cardio vascular system and its effect through yoga

Cardio vascular system refers to the circulatory system related with the cardiac muscle. The cardiac muscular organ involved in the process is called heart.
This brief introduction o cardio-vascular system reveals its importance in organic life. Thus it is very much essential to look after it. Now-a-day many diseases concerned to it like diabetes, high B.P., high cholesterol, etc., one of the traditional and effective method to prevent these problems in yoga. This method only utilizes the meditation power of one’s own thus no risk of side effects from any external agent.
Cardiac (heart) disease and also arteriosclerosis (blood vessel degeneration) are the largest killers in the affluent segments of world society today every year. Many millions of people die from the complications of cardio-vascular degeneration including hypertension, chronic heart failure, stroke (cerebre-vascular accident). In addition, many more experience the anguish of chest pains known as angina pectoris, which indicate cardiac strain in the activities of their daily life.
According to yogic science, recognition of the patterns and effects of the emotional states upon the heart and mind absolutely essential for sufferers from cardiac strain or those recovering from a cardiac crisis. This is achieved through the practice of yogic relaxation, yoga nidra and meditations (dhyan). Mastery of a scientific technique of relaxation like yoga nidra is the most important first step in recovery from cardiac crisis through yoga. Meditation is fundamental to yoga life. It gradually instills peace, stability and increasing awareness into the life of the individually who is trapped in the throes of pain, fear, insecurity and emotional agony which accompany heart diseases.
Raj Kumar Gautam
Sagar (MP)

Wednesday, June 13, 2007

Nature of health and happiness in yoga and Ayurveda

It is doubtful whether the wonders of science and modern civilization have made us happier than our less knowledgeable and slow moving ancestors. Science while bringing about vast changes in our immediate external world has been able to do practically nothing to improve our inner world of desires, emotions and conflicts. Our inner world has remained chaotic. The balance between our inner and outer being is lost. And it is this balance, which is the most crucial factor in deciding whether or not one can have happiness in life. All our thoughts and activities are, in the ultimate analysis, directed to this goal of happiness. Human happiness is not merely a product of what things are handles in daily life. Our relationship with the things we use, is of course, important, but more important is our interaction with people and with ideas, And it is in this field that science has had no influence so far. The instruments, which are useful in our dealing with things, have been wholly revolutionized by science but the instrument used in our relationship with the mind, remains unchanged. It needs training and improvement which science, unfortunately cannot provide. This is one of the greatest contradictions of the present scientific age.
The situation has been aggravated in recent years by technological advances which bestowed upon man a tremendous power not only of creation but also a destruction, together with an ever-increasing speed and an therefore unresourceful and powerful, one also needs greater wisdom, in addition to knowledge to be able to exercise control over himself and not be swayed by objects of enjoyment. Science has given us lately a multitude of objects of enjoyment. But it has failed to give us, at the same time, the much needed self-control. These two qualities namely, wisdom and self-control, which are the most essential factors in deciding whether or not there will be happiness, do not fall within the preview of science. The type of happiness, which lasts permanently, is known as transcendental and when we go on seeking after worldly things and the means, which give sensual pleasure is known as temporal one. Today man seeks happiness in money, property, riches, possession, wealth, bank account, a growing business and so on. Another seeks power, prestige, position of importance and leadership. Yet another takes to the path of knowledge, learning, study of religion, philosophy and the like. All this is temporal happiness. We may know the whole world, but unless we know ourselves first, our knowledge has no significance. Wisdom consists in knowing oneself i.e. one’s mind and the living spirit and also in understanding why we seek it. And it is wisdom that is essential for happiness.
Ravi Kant Khare
Sagar (MP)

Yoga and health

Yoga is a science derived from the Sanskrit root ‘YUJ’ (Union). It is the world most ancient science and said to be a balanced life. It is a perfect practical system of self-culture. Yoga is a way to super life with peace and harmony. About ordinary exercise is adequate, but the knowledge and practice of yoga is highly required. So, the yoga is completely depends upon the science. Health means each and every cell should be moved and functioned properly. To maintain health, yoga practice is essential. By adopting scientific methods only we can attain the total development viz., physically-strong, mentally-balance, intellectually-sharp, spiritually-advance and morally-sound. Therefore, the way we practice, so we are. The complete health is the fittest and fundamental for integration of yoga. Yoga is the great concept which is interlinked over another to develop still deeper and wider level consciousness in the people at the present modern scenario. Yogis, who are at present powerful agents have to transform the people in society through yoga and spiritual approach and inject health awareness in all respects and get optimum results, which resides a powerful saying “Health is Wealth”. To get success in the life, one should go according to the knowledge of yoga science as a weapon. At present, the human being moods, behaviors etc., are being measured, calculated, analyzed with the scientific instruments. We are attaining success in every task with the power of positive thoughts, which is being possible only through the practice of yoga by implementing the ancient yoga science.
S. koteswar Rao
Hyderabad (AP)

Tuesday, June 12, 2007

Paramhansa yogananda’s concept of mental health: a kriya yoga approach

Paramhansa yogananda was one of those very few yogis who propounded a detailed and pragmatic approach to lead a balanced life through kriya yoga. His writings are full of theoretical as well as practical explanations and methods for leading a perfect and balanced life. In order to lead a balanced and happy life, scientific technique of kriya yoga can be of immense help. His methods and techniques have been found to be very effective all over the world by the practioners of kriya yoga. Mention of kriya yoga is found twice in Patanjali’s yoga sutras (yoga sutra mentary on Bhagawad Gita, “God talks with Arjuna”; Sri Parmahansa Yogananda has explained kirya yoga in details. In Bhagawad Gita, Kriya yoga is mentioned specifically by Lord Krishna in Verse 29 of Chapter IV.
Other devotees offer as sacrifice the incoming breath of prana in the outgoing breath of apana, and the outgoing breath of apana in the incoming breath of prana, thus arresting the cause of inhalation and exhalation (rendering breath unnecessary) by intent practice of pranayama (the life-control technique of kriya yoga)
Yogananda explains this stanza in following words:
“By the concentrated practice of kriya yoga pranayama-offering the inhaling breath into the inhaling breath (apana into prana) – the yogi neutralized these two life currents and their resulting mutations of decay and growth, the causative agents of breath and heart action and concomitant body consciousness. By recharging the blood and cells with life energy that has been distilled from breath and reinforced with the pure spiritualized life force in the spine and brain, the yogi stops bodily decay, thereby quieting the breath and heart by rendering their purifying actions unnecessary. The yogi thus attains conscious life-force control.”
Prof. Keshav Sharma
Shimla (HP)

Emotions, Stress, and Health – Coping Strategies Through Yoga Proper Relation

Various theorists argue that emotions result from our attempts to adapt to the environment. Evidence suggests that all humans experience a common set of emotions. Lazarus (1991) has suggested that these emotions can be described by their core relational themes.
By adopting this term, Lazarus emphasizes that our emotional responses grow out of our interactions with the environment (are relational); are highly cognitive; and are often complex, frequently involving two or more emotions operating simultaneously. Identifying the various core themes in an emotional response would obviously help us to reduce its complexity.
Yoga is a life of self discipline based on the tenets of “simple living and high thinking”. To the ancient yogis, the body was seen as a vehicle for the soul, and this is a useful metaphor in the modern context. Just as a car requires a lubricating system, a battery, a cooling system, the proper fuel, and a responsible driver behind the wheel, so the body has certain needs if it is to function smoothly.
Prof. (Dr.) P. K. Dutta
Kolkata (WB)


The purpose of the present study was to evolve a comprehensive yoga practices for sports persons and to find out the effect of the selected yoga techniques was done with help of the experts in the field of yoga as well as the researchers own experience. Based on the principles of yoga system a comprehensive yoga package had evolved. In the second phase, to find out the optimum utilization of the selected yoga-training package the study was conducted on 30 men players. They were divided into tow equal groups. Group – A underwent nine weeks of yoga training besides regular sports training, Group – B is control group did not undergo any type of training other than the regular sports training. The resting heart rate was measured before and after the treatment by using the scientific and reliable equipment. The data were analyzed by the statistical techniques ‘t’ ratio for interpretation. The selected yoga practices were fit enough to the sports persons. Further, the yoga training had significant (p<0.05) positive effect on the heart rate among the sports persons.

Dr. K. Chandrasekaran
Tiruchirappalli (Tamilnadu)

Monday, June 11, 2007


Relaxation is most neglected subject among Yoga practicing people, sportsmen and top executives, business people and others. And that is why in the long run people suffer with number of ailments. Generally people do yoga in hurry and bury and without doing relaxation at the end. In that case they loose all the benefits of doing yoga practice. Relaxation means to give rest or quietness to the body and mind. In relaxation rejuvenates the body by creating panic energy and to recoup lost energy. In rest period only, the active glands come down to normalcy; during that period only one will redouble his energy to work actively and energetically. By continuous work, the body becomes over tired and tense, hence it needs rest. This is the point at which the body and mind demands compulsory rest otherwise if refuses to work efficiently and falters in doing the work. When you are over exerted or tired the body itself gives warning to go for rest. If you disobey the warning, yourself suffer from increased respiratory rate and palpitation of the heart. Without proper rest to the heart, the nervous system also becomes wear and tear and weak. Hence the relaxation should not be neglected under any cost.
Yogacharya Balaiah Kovuru
Secunderabad (A.P)

Yoga for current Psycho-Social problems

Society is a reflection of the individuals of which it consists. Hence, individual problems are reflected in the society and attempts to resolve these problems create changes in social conditions form time to time. Mechanized society has different problems from non-mechanized society, that is, the problems of civilized or industrialized society are different from the societies, which are under developed. Today, rapid growth in communications prevents any society from remaining isolated and unaffected by the problems of other societies. Some of the problems of society, however, are rooted in its cultural background, the habits, traditions and religious beliefs that shape each society. All problems are rooted in emotional disturbance and every problem in turn creates emotional disturbance through its psychophysical practices. These techniques bring changes in the attitudes of a person, which are determinants of his behavior.

Recent research trends have shown that it can serve as an applied science in a number of fields such as education, physical education, and sports. Health and family welfare, psychology, medicine etc. Researches in the field of yoga have established that the yogic practices are the best and are highly useful as they help to strengthen each organ and develop every muscle of the body but also regulate the circulation of the blood, purify the lungs, inspire the mind and then achieve a harmonious development of human personality.
Harshvardhan goswami
Ghaziabad (UP)
Nitin korpal
Sagar (MP)

Sunday, June 10, 2007


Science is what science does. A matter which is tested in a laboratory with the help of some scientific instruments and equipments and in which some conclusion or result is generated is universally accepted because it has been scientifically tested. For science, subject matter is required to be physically observed. Yoga is a system wherein the thrust is in man’s belief and trust. The essence of yoga is certainly based on one’s understanding of the matter (tattva). Science looks upon the matter in its physical sense whereas in yoga the senses are itself matter. Yoga can be easily called the science of Body, Mind and Soul. Yoga is a complete science, which deals with man’s origin, death and rebirth again.
Dr. Nitin Korpal
Sagar (MP)